What are the concepts of leadership and management? As you've probably already guessed this article will help you understand and distinguish these concepts comprehending. What both mean can have a great impact on the way you work with groups and develop your leadership style in order to compare and contrast management and leadership.
We must first have a better idea of what each entails so with that in mind, let's define both leadership and management for the purpose of this discussion is a basic form of working with a group in a position of authority it can be defined as the attainment of organizational goals in an effective and efficient manner.
Leadership: In contrast leadership is in an advanced and effective form of working with a group it's defined as an influence relationship among leaders and followers who intend real changes and outcomes that reflect their shared purposes breaking this definition down.
- First, notice that it implies a relationship between a leader and a follower a give-and-take there must be a real relationship taking place for leadership
- Second, both parties and ten real changes and outcomes which are mutually defined the group must work towards a purpose for leadership to take place
- Third, leadership is people-focused and has a transformational style
Management: Through concepts such as planning, organizing, staffing, directing, and controlling. Managers establish detailed plans for achieving specific goals and are more task-focused, this is a basic form of working with a group it is more transactional in nature meaning that a manager asks subordinates for work in exchange for an outcome.
This stands in contrast to management and means that leadership asks more of the leader-follower relationship than simply exchange, it means that leaders and followers work together to make a transformational impact that extends far beyond a working relationship to illustrate the relationship between leadership and management think back to a geometry lesson.
A great manager can be a leader but if a manager resorts to a basic transactional style that person is certainly not a leader to help further explain the difference between leadership and management.
We will examine 5 aspects of a successful organization and look at each from both the leadership and management perspective thief's focus areas are Direction, Followers, Relationships, Outcomes, and Personal qualities.
- It is more visionary
- It focuses more on long-term or permanent results that are designed to improve rather than maintain the status, a leader will take into account both the short-term and the long-term implications of their decisions
- Takes a planning focused approach and is very strategic
- It centers on short-term or immediate results
- It reflects a transactional style leadership however is more culture or value-centric
- Leaders acknowledge necessary boundaries like in the employer-employee relationship but understand the importance of knowing and supporting the whole person, this requires going beyond just a transactional relationship additionally
- Leaders are developmental with their followers they support and encourage growth
- Focuses on strict organizational
- Boundaries and emphasizes the distinction between manager and follower
- It is more directional
- Leaders focus on people in interactions
- They go beyond the formal relationship with followers and attempt to encourage or empower them
- Leaders will act as a coach, facilitator or teacher even when they're not required to act in this capacity
- Focus on work over people or interactions again this relates back to its transactional nature relationships are seen as the conduit for work rather than for their inherent value managers
- Using their positional power or authority to establish and define relationships with their followers
- They can act as the boss
- Leaders will acknowledge that change is often necessary and are open to change
- When it's needed they're flexible and they value integrity as an outcome, above all leaders want to act in accordance with their values and those of their followers
- Will focus on maintaining existing processes
- Improve the efficiency of these processes
- Personal qualities
- Leaders understand that power is a fluid concept
- They cannot forcibly control it they're more emotionally connected with their followers
- They are open to other ideas this allows leaders to gain more insight into both themselves and others
- Managers emphasize emotional distance from their followers in order to distinguish themselves
- They may believe that acting as an expert is the only way to establish and maintain authority
- Organizational insight
So in conclusion, leadership is a more complex advanced an effective way of working with a group, and management is a basic form of working with a group from a position of authority typically. Both can borrow from each other strategies. However, we should all strive to become effective leaders in whatever role we may occupy in this article.